International Medical Journal, Vol. 22., Iss. 4, 2016, P. 83−86.
CLINICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE FUNGAL SKIN INVOLVEMENT IN HIV/AIDS-INFECTED PATIENTS
Kharkiv National Medical University, Ukraine
The incidence of HIV/AIDS infection in Ukraine has increased dramatically. Patients with HIV/AIDS infection, a lot of fungal infections are disease marker and recorded frequently. HIV infection is characterized by a long incubation period, polymorphism of clinical manifestations, among which the most common are skin lesions appearing even when the serological status is negative. Due to the fact that HIV/AIDS infection has gone beyond the vulnerable groups (sex workers, injected drug users, etc.) the knowledge and alertness of doctors about unusual clinical manifestations of dermatoses may be a factor in the early diagnosis of HIV/AIDS. Timely diagnosis, treatment and anti−epidemic measures will reduce the incidence of HIV/AIDS infection in Ukraine. Treatment of concomitant HIV−related fungal skin lesions can improve the effectiveness of antiretroviral therapy. The clinical presentation, diagnosis and treatment of fungal infections in HIV/AIDS−infected patients were investigated. The literature on the etiology, pathogenesis, clinical picture, diagnosis and treatment of the skin and mucous membranes caused by fungi associated with HIV/AIDS was analyzed. The diagnosis of fungal infections in patients with HIV/AIDS infection will allow timely diagnosis of HIV infection as well as optimizing the treatment of these patients.
Key words: HIV/AIDS infection, keratomycosis, dermatomicosis, treatment.